Season of the Greatest Commandment
Outline of Season of Greatest Commandment based on 27th-30th Weeks Ordinary Time
What is the greatest commandment?
Matthew 22:34-40 Greatest commandment: Jesus says “37 He said to him, “You shall love the Lord, your God, with all your heart, with all your soul, and with all your mind.”
We hear this in the gospel on the 30th week of ordinary time.
Why was Jesus asked what is the greatest commandment?
Before this passage in the Matthew 22:23-34 Jesus is being quizzed by the Sadducees about the resurrection of the dead which they do not believe.
Mt 22:29 NAB “Jesus said to them in reply, “You are misled because you do not know the scriptures or the power of God.” And then explains it in such a way to silence them. The Pharisees hear about it and decide to test Jesus themselves.
How many laws did the Jews have to follow? The Torah, the five books of Moses, as developed by discussion and debate in rabbinic literature has 613 commandments.
What is the quote Jesus used?
In Matthew 22:37 Jesus chooses the commandment of Deuteronomy 6:4-5: [NAB] “Hear, O Israel! The LORD is our God, the LORD alone! Therefore, you shall love the LORD, your God, with all your heart, and with all your soul, and with all your strength.”
He shows the Pharisees that he knows both the scriptures and the power of God. Truly, if we could keep this one commandment to the fullest extent it would encompass all that God has asked us to do.
Draw from each Gospel the examples of loving God with your whole heart, mind, soul. Is the commandment fulfilled or not?
In the weeks leading up to the revelation of the “Greatest Commandment” we hear Jesus teaching us ways to love God with our whole heart mind and soul
27th Sunday Ordinary Matthew 21:33-43 parable of the tenants who killed king’s son; We are not the first given the chance to love God. In this parable, which can be related to Israel’s history with God as the “landowner” we see that loving God with our whole heart prohibits being self-centered. The tenants are self-centered with no love for the landowner and his son nor his servants—which obviously are God’s prophets—and so the kingdom is taken away.
28th Sunday Ordinary Matthew 22:1-14 Parable of wedding feast with reluctant guests; many invited few chosen. Ignoring, mistreating, unworthy, without wedding garment.
29th Sunday Ordinary Matthew 22:15-21 repay to Caesar what is Caesar’s; to God what is God’s—Everything is God’s! The Pharisees possessed Caesar’s coins instead of the temple coin.
Personal ways to love God by daily choices. Gratitude, appreciation, spending time, knowing what pleases, doing what pleases, taking care of those he loves, provision, sharing, excellence, imitation, respect, honor, attention
God himself gives us hints: To love others as ourselves.
The call of vocation and how living your life in vocation pleases God and allows the grace to pour in. Remember you are given many gifts and opportunities.
“Vocation” “Love is the fundamental and innate vocation of every human being” “The vocation of humanity is to show forth the image of God and to be transformed into the image of the Father’s only Son”. “Call to become children of God, adoptive sons, partakers of the divine nature and of eternal life”
Look at the second readings as tied to vocation of loving God and your neighbor as yourself.
27th Philippians 4:6-9 Have no anxiety; think about excellence; keep doing what Paul taught “you can’t worry and trust God; choose!” Learn from someone who loves God.28th Philippians 4:12-14, 19-20 “I can do all things in Him” My God will supply whatever you need”29th 1 Thessalonians 1:1-5b calling to mind your work of faith and labor of love; the gospel came in word and power in the Holy Spirit with much conviction30th 1 Thessalonians 1:5c-10 “You know what sort of people we were among you for your sake.” “And you became imitators of us and of the Lord” models for believers; turn to God from idols and serve the living and true God
References and Resources
Please note that CCC refers to the Catechism of the Catholic Church, English translation, 2nd Edition,©1994, 1997. United States Catholic Conference, Inc., Libreria Editrice Vaticana. [see link]New American Bible (NAB) readings are referenced from the Lectionary for Mass, for use in the dioceses of the United States of America, second typical edition ©1997, 1970 by the Confraternity of Christian Doctrine, Washington, D.C. [see link] Scripture quotations contained herein are from the New Revised Standard Version Bible, copyright ©1989 by the Division of Christian Education of the National Council of the Churches of Christ in the U.S.A. and are used by permission. All rights reserved.
CCC 363 “In Sacred Scripture the term “soul” often refers to human life or the entire human person. But “soul” also refers to the innermost aspect of man, that which is of greatest value in him, that by which he is most especially in God’s image: “soul” signifies the spiritual principle in man.” Deuteronomy chapter 6 verse 4 “Hear, O Israel! The Lord is our God, the Lord alone! Therefore, you shall love the Lord, your God, with all your heart, and with all your soul and with all your strength.” Matthew 22: 36 “Teacher, which commandment in the law is the greatest?” 37 He said to him, “You shall love the Lord, your God, with all your heart, with all your soul, and with all your mind. 38 This is the greatest and the first commandment. 39 The second is like it: You shall love your neighbor as yourself. 40 The whole law and the prophets depend on these two commandments.”Exodus Chapter 20: 1-17 Ten Commandments NAB footnote reminds us the ‘Wedding garment – the repentance, the change of heart and mind that is the condition for entrance into the kingdom must be continued in a life of good deeds.’ Romans 13:7 “Pay all of them their dues, taxes to whom taxes are due, revenue to whom revenue is due, respect to whom respect is due, honor to whom honor is due.”Genesis 1:26 Made in God’s image
CCC 2392 “Love is the fundamental and innate vocation of every human being”
CCC 1699 “Life in the Holy Spirit fulfills the vocation of man”
[NAB]Philippians 4:19 “My God will fully supply whatever you need, in accord
with his glorious riches in Christ Jesus.”
Philippians 4:13 “I can do all things in Him who strengthens me.”
Readings for Season of the Greatest Commandment see Readings & Catechism
27th Sunday Ordinary
Isaiah 5:1-7 Song of the vineyard; yielded wild grapes and so destroyed
Philippians 4:6-9 Have no anxiety; think about excellence; keep doing what Paul taught
Matthew 21:33-43 parable of the tenants who killed king’s son; self-centered and so the kingdom taken away
28th Sunday Ordinary
Isaiah 25:6-10a a banquet provided; death destroyed, tears wiped away, he has saved us.
Philippians 4:12-14, 19-20 “I can do all things in Him” My God will supply whatever you need”
Matthew 22:1-14 Parable of wedding feast with reluctant guests, ignoring, mistreating, unworthy, without wedding garment. Many invited few chosen.
29th Sunday Ordinary
Isaiah 45:1,4-6 There is no God besides me; there is no other. I have called you by name.
1 Thessalonians 1:1-5b calling to mind your work of faith and labor of love; the gospel came in word and power in the Holy Spirit with much conviction
Matthew 22:15-21repay to Caesar what is Caesar’s; to God what is God’s 30th Sunday Ordinary
Exodus 22:20-26 If ever you wrong any widow or orphan and they cry out to me I will hear them; have heart for God’s people1 Thessalonians 1:5c-10 imitators, models for believers; turn to God from idols and serve living GodMatthew 22:34-40 Greatest commandment. Love God with all heart, all soul, all mind. 2nd love neighbor as yourself.