Season of Discovery

 Season of Discovery, of the Living Seasons of Change series, covers the 14th to 18th Weeks of Ordinary Time of the Liturgical Year A.  The radio show airs July 2011 after first airing July 2008 on Catholic radio KDUA.  Hosted by Patti Brunner and Monsignor David LeSieur, VF, a Catholic priest of the Diocese of Little Rock. 

Program Outline for Living Seasons of Change “Season of Discovery”

What was hidden is now found!  The treasure the Lord place hidden has been revealed and discovered.  Each week’s gospel from Matthew is part of a theme.  As the Lord teaches the kingdom principles, it took a child-like acceptance to set up the fullness of his message.  The disciples constantly ask for clarification.   

Themes of each gospel 14-17th Weeks Ordinary Time Year A are as follows:

14th Sunday. Matthew 11:25-30  Revealed to little ones, The Son reveals the Father; Jesus’ yoke is easy.

15th Sunday. Matthew 13:1-23 Jesus taught at length in parables: Parable of the Sower and the Seed. Soil quality affects the outcome of the same seed.  Jesus explained “why” parables. Jesus explains the sower parable.  “They look but do not see and hear but do not listen or understand” 6X repeated.

16th Sunday. Matthew 13:24-43 Jesus reveals the Kingdom of Heaven is “like”: field of wheat and weeds, mustard seed, yeast.  Jesus explains the weeds parable. Mustard seed is hard to see at first but it grows.  Yeast is hidden before it grows.

17th Sunday.   Matthew 13:44-52.  Jesus reveals the Kingdom of Heaven is “like”: treasure, pearl, fishnet, head of household [discovery of precious things & great abundance]
We can apply the Gospel to the lives of the apostles and to us.
Church Fathers comment the “boat” shows the Church.  In the “boat” (the Church) understanding and explanation is given. St. Hillary To get understanding of the parables, all we have to do is to draw in close to Jesus and his church and thus receive explanation.

St. John Chrysostom, early Church Father discusses why Jesus taught by parable.
Pope John Paul II sermon taught about why Jesus taught by parable.
Taking the “rest” Jesus offers by taking his yoke.
Just “hearing” the gospel is not enough
Parable of the weeds among the wheat:  “while they were asleep” the enemy sowed weeds, is a challenge to be vigilant
Kingdom of heaven can’t easily be described because we lack experience and points of reference
St. Jerome translated the Greek and Hebrew scriptures into Latin. “The kingdom of heaven is the preaching of the Gospel, and the knowledge of the Scriptures which leads to life”
Draw on the hope listed in Romans 8:28 —for “all called to his purpose”. 17th Week of Ordinary Time  “all things work for good for those who love God, who are called according to  his purpose”  More than “this too shall pass” this verse allows us to embrace difficult situations with the assurance that God has a plan and that somehow  a current struggle will bring an ease later on.  The yoke of Jesus unburdens us and in the long run we shall understand how it fits.
Look at Paul’s letter to the Romans as a whole.  Chapters 1-11 are an explanation that Christians are justified by faith in Christ. Chapters 12-16 concern the living out of the Christian Life. 
14th Romans 8:9,11-13 live not in the flesh [defiance of God] but by the Spirit
15th Romans 8:18-23 Creation will be set free from corruption-we are the first fruits
16th Romans 8:26-27  Spirit intercedes according to God’s will with inexpressible groanings
17th Romans 8:28-30  “all things work for good for those who love God who are called according to his purpose”   Note: all readings from chapter 8
Look at Wisdom and the reading and the virtue in the 1st reading
14th Zechariah 9:9-10  prophesies triumphant king enter on a donkey proclaiming peace
15th Isaiah 55:10-11 Just as rain makes the earth fertile, God’s word achieves his purpose
16th Wisdom 12:13,16-19 Because God is just he restrains his power and shows mercy
17th 1 Kings 3:5,7-12 Solomon’s request for wisdom pleases the Lord and is exceedingly granted [aligns with God’s will]
A personal interjection on Patti Brunner’s vision of heaven in 1996.
How the mustard seed is like the Kingdom of Heaven.

References for LSC 109A Season of Discovery

Scriptures and liturgical readings are available at Readings & Catechism

Matthew 11: 25, Jesus said “I give praise to you, Father, Lord of heaven and earth, for although you have hidden these things from the wise and the learned you have revealed them to the childlike.”
July 11, 1993, Homily by Pope John Paul II. 15th Sunday of Ordinary time:

 “3. Dear brothers and sisters, in reality, creation itself is like a great parable. Does not all that exists - the cosmos, the earth, the living creatures, man - constitute one sole, immense parable? And who is the author of this, if not God the Father, to whom Jesus talks in the silence of nature?

“The word explains book of creation to us
“Jesus speaks in parables because this is God’s “style”. The only begotten Son has the same way of acting and speaking as his heavenly Father. Whoever sees him sees the Father (cf. Jn 14:9), who listens to him listens to the Father. And this refers not only to the contents, but also to the ways; not only what he says, but also how he says it.

“Yes, the “how” is important, because it shows the profound intention of him who is speaking. If the relationship is to be one of dialogue, the way of speaking must respect and promote the freedom of the interlocutor. This is why the Lord speaks in parables: so that the one listening is free to grasp his message; free not only to listen to it, but above all to understand it, to interpret it and to recognize the intention of the one speaking. God addresses man in a way that allows him to meet him in freedom.

“ 4. Creation is, so to say, the great divine tale. The profound significance of this wonderful book of creation would, however, have remained almost indecipherable for us if Jesus - the Word made flesh - had not come to “explain it to us” making our eyes capable of more easily recognizing the mark of the Creator in his creatures.

“ Jesus is the Word which holds the meaning of all that exists. He is the Word on which the “name” of everything depends, from the most minute particle to the immense galaxies. He himself then is the “Parable” full of grace and truth (cf. Jn 1:14), by which the Father reveals himself and his will, his mysterious design of love and the ultimate meaning of history (cf. Eph 1:9-10). In Jesus, God told us all that he had to tell us”

Matthew 19:14  Jesus said, “Let the children come to me, and do not prevent them; for the kingdom of heaven belongs to such as these.”  NAB
Matthew 11:30 “My yoke is easy My Burden is light.”
Footnote in the New American Bible on Mt Ch 11:30says the “burden” is the law that the Pharisees had laid upon everyone’s shoulder without lifting a finger to help them.
Yoke. A yoke is a wooden frame that joins two draft animals, such as oxen, together so as to share the load.
Isaiah 6 verses 9 and 10: “‘You shall indeed hear but not understand, you shall indeed look but never see.  Gross is the heart of this people, they will hardly hear with their ears, they have closed their eyes and lest they see with their eyes and hear with their ears and understand with their heart and be converted and I heal them.’”
New American Bible Footnote  for verse 13:11 “Since a parable is figurative speech that demands reflection for understanding, only those who are prepared to explore its meaning can come to know it.  To understand is a gift of God, granted to the disciples but not the crowds.  In Semitic fashion, both the disciples’ understanding and the crowd’s obtuseness are attributed to God.  The question of human responsibility for the obtuseness is not dealt with, although it is asserted in verse 13”.
Matthew 13:35 “I will open my mouth in parables; I will announce what has lain hidden from the foundation of the world.” 
Welcome to the Catholic Church. Gospel Commentary on Matthew chapter 13. St. JOHN CHRYSOSTOM, St. Abp. of Constantinople.  “He had not done thus on the mount; He had not framed His discourse by parables. For there were the multitudes only, and a mixed crowd but here the Scribes and Pharisees. But He speaks in parables not for this reason only, but to make His sayings plainer, and fix them more fully in the memory, by sayings things before the eyes.”
Welcome to the Catholic Church. Gospel Commentary on Matthew chapter 13. St. Hilary. There is moreover a reason in the subject of His discourse why the Lord should sit in the ship, and the multitude stand on the shore. For He was about to speak in parables, and by this action signifies that they who were without the Church could have no understanding of the Divine Word. The ship offers a type of the Church, within which the word of life is placed, and is preached to those without, and who as being barren sand cannot understand it.”
James 1:22 doers of the word not just hearers of the word
“His Way” by Father David Knight.  1977 Publisher His Way Inc., Spirituality of Laity.
“Sword of the Spirit-The Word of God” by Joy Lamb. 1993 Publisher: Lamb’s Books, Inc. Scriptural Intercessory prayer book
Psalm 37, Verse 5-7  “Commit your way to the Lord; trust that God will act.  Make your integrity shine like the dawn, your vindication like noonday.  Be still before the Lord and wait for God.  Do not be provoked by the prosperous, nor by malicious schemers.”
Workbook for Lectors. Year A. 2008. James A Weaver 14th Sunday– called “in the flesh”  “defiance”
New American Bible Footnote for Romans 8:18-23.  “The glory that believers are destined to share with Christ far exceeds the sufferings of the present life.  Paul considers the destiny of the created world to be linked with the future that belongs to the believers.  As it shares in the penalty of corruption brought about by sin so also will it share in the benefits of redemption and future glory that comprise the ultimate liberation of God’s people.  After patient endurance in steadfast expectation, the full harvest of the Spirit’s presence will be realized.  On earth, believers enjoy the first fruits; that is, the Spirit, as a guarantee of the total liberation of their bodies from the influence of the rebellious old self.”
Strong’s Concordance: Roman 8:22 groaning #4959  “Sustenazo” (from 4726) to moan jointly. Experience a common calamity –groan together.  Romans 8:26 groaning #4726 “stenazo” to make in straits. To sign, murmur, pray inaudibly—with grief, groan, grudge, sigh.
Welcome to the Catholic Church. Gospel Commentary on Matthew chapter 13. St. Jerome. “The kingdom of heaven is the preaching of the Gospel, and the knowledge of the Scriptures which leads to life”
Isaiah 55 – “Just as rain makes the earth fertile, God’s word achieves its purpose
Matthew 5: 45 that you may be children of your heavenly Father, for he makes his sun rise on the bad and the good, and causes rain to fall on the just and the unjust.  46 For if you love those who love you, what recompense will you have? Do not the tax collectors do the same?  47 And if you greet your brothers only, what is unusual about that? Do not the pagans do the same?  48 So be perfect, just as your heavenly Father is perfect.”
1 Kings 3:9 “Give your servant, therefore, an understanding heart to judge your people and to distinguish right from wrong. For who is able to govern this vast people of yours?”